Dual-Hat CCO and Weak Supervision Allowed Rogue Trader to Harm Clients
FINRA faulted a firm’s supervisory structure and unqualified Chief Compliance Officer for failing to prevent its CEO/Head Trader from engaging in a scheme that inflated bond prices to the detriment of clients. FINRA alleges that the Trader engaged in pre-arranged trades with a third-party broker dealer to inflate and deflate bond prices to enrich both parties and circumvent an agreement with a client that capped bond commissions at 15 basis points. FINRA asserts that the firm failed to supervise the trading and that the CCO did not have the “requisite qualifications, experience and training” to properly supervise the trading activities. In addition to paying restitution and a fine, the firm hired a dedicated CCO that was not also working for an affiliated bank.
Broker-Dealers and advisers must abandon the dual-hat compliance model, the practice of naming a non-regulatory professional with multiple executive roles. Firms must retain a competent and dedicated Chief Compliance Officer either by hiring a full-time employee or by retaining the services of an industry-recognized outsourcing firm.